(MENAFN – Daily Outlook Afghanistan) Afghanistan with a high estimated proportion of the working class and middle class, massive urbanization, exponential growth in the energy requirements of residential buildings and high energy requirements for industry is facing a technical, economic and social challenge and, on top of that, ecological barriers make it more difficult to to solve the problem. Still, similar challenges create chaos and are perceived around the world. So Afghanistan and the globe are together on these issues.
After decades of work by countries and the United Nations, including the United Nations Economic and Social Department, we now have the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with 17 Sustainable Development Goals (17 SDGs) and its 169 goals to solve the problems mentioned . The goals of the SDGs target almost every aspect of human life, generally divided into three subject areas such as economy, society and the biosphere. Although many goals have thematic interferences with more than one topic, take SDG1 âNO POVERTYâ as an example, this goal is in the Society category but it also has an economic topic and SDG8 âORAL WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTHâ has the opposite interest. Some of the main topics covered are water, energy, climate, agriculture and food, oceans and marine life, ecosystem, urbanization, life and health, education, gender equality, transport, science and technology.
SDG7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG7 is defined by 5 goals and 6 indicators. Goals specify the desired outcomes, and indicators are usually quantitative and numerical to help track progress and understand where we are on the path to achieving the goals. SDG7 also has multi-themed effects and interactions. Indicators such as 7.A.1 âACCESS AND INVESTMENT IN CLEAN ENERGYâ show that SDG7 has both an economic and a biosphere theme, and indicator 7.1.1 âACCESS TO ELECTRICITYâ also has a social theme.
Table 1 shows a brief summary of SDG 7 with its goals and indicators as well as the Afghan position in relevant goals.
Master plan for the Afghan electricity sector
2032 is set as the deadline for achieving Afghanistan’s strategic goals:
(Afghanistan Power Sector Master Plan is drawn up by Dr. Roland Neifer, examined by Dr. Liliana Oprea and financed by the ADB)
1. Supplying the population throughout Afghanistan, this goal is in line with one of the SDG7 goals, energy access. From the end of 2020, Afghanistan’s current electricity grid, including all transmission and distribution networks, will be able to meet less than 50% of the country’s electricity needs. Likewise, the energy access pillar for Afghanistan is rated 42 out of 100 points in the report on the regulatory indicators for sustainable energy (RISE) 2020.
2. Development towards a more self-sufficient power supply and the establishment of an integrated network for Afghanistan, which as reliable and secure energy is one of the goals of SDG7. Although it is believed that a large investment will have to be made. Here we find and create opportunities for private investments. Bayat energy 42 MW gas-to-electric investments are a great pilot opportunity for the Afghan government in job creation and energy affordability indicators. One of the other public-private partnership models is the 20-year-old Mazar-Independent Power Purchase (IPP) signed in January 2018 between the Afghan government and the Ghazanfar Group with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) department of the World Bank as a senior advisor, the Hundreds of jobs.
Another good point in the Afghan power master plan is that both demand and supply management are taken into account and the demand forecast is analyzed in sectoral breakdown. Many plans and guidelines are designed for the supply side of the system, including generation (renewable and non-renewable) and also imports from neighboring countries, also on the demand side two main options are discussed, load management and energy efficiency. Although neither incentive electricity tariffs (lower costs per unit) for industry for load shifting to low load times nor penal tariffs for peak load times are applied in load management, the electricity tariffs for companies and industry apply at a fixed price per unit.
Clean cooking is another pillar to focus on. Indicators such as planning, scope of planning, standards and labeling, incentives, awareness raising, targeting, funding mechanisms, etc. are the most important and important to join our energy plan.
Applied Afghan telecommunications business model, jumping from no communication via land and cable phones to internet access via cell phones (3G and LTE) and private internet service providers (ISPs) can very well be used to create a competitive oligopoly market (few sellers / providers) methodology of the future Energy Approach Strategy of ditching coal and other fossil fuels towards affordable, reliable and clean energy
In general, there is a need to regularly update the Afghan Power Master Plan, as well as a university curriculum to improve education and academic development, and with new strengths and weaknesses uncovered in many areas, including renewable energy potential, current situation and proven data Reserves of natural resources through feasibility studies, and with changes to the budget, the indicators and, above all, the UN-SDG7 adopted in 2016, updating the Afghan Power Master Plan has indeed top priority. Energy Service Regulation Authority, as the lead in the high-level policy-making department and Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS) as the national energy supplier, could participate in this matter, the Ministry of Finance, as the highest authority, can support pilot projects to live and grow and international donors to invest through encourage appropriate incentive policies and applicable subsidies.
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