HANOI – The local authorities and environmental organizations in the Mekong Delta region are stepping up their efforts to conserve and develop ecosystems that are vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Located in southern Vietnam, the Mekong Delta has a diverse and unique ecosystem that includes marine life, islands, estuaries, wetlands, mangroves and delta islands, as well as biosphere reserves, national parks and nature reserves.
For the local economy, these ecosystems offer rich fishing opportunities, fruits, alluvial land for agriculture and space for tourism.
The Mekong Delta region accounts for 12 percent of the country’s area and nearly 20 percent of the population.
But rapid, unplanned economic development, unrestrained population growth, and climate change are putting these ecosystems, which have been shrinking in size and degraded, under constant pressure.
Numerous efforts are now being made to preserve the ecosystems.
In Kien Giang, the Provincial People’s Committee has approved a project to investigate the current status of biodiversity in the Phu Quoc Marine Protected Area.
The province has stepped up the planting of coastal protection forests, planted trees to control salinity and ensured the protection of sea dikes on a total of 85 hectares, reported Vietnam News.
Since the end of 2017, more than 540 hectares of mangrove forests have been cultivated in the province.
In the island city of Phu Quoc, the first Saturday of the month is the day for the environment, on which all people and organizations are called to work for a greener, cleaner and safer “Pearl Island”.
Together with Patong in Thailand and Donsol in the Philippines, Phu Quoc has committed to eliminating plastic pollution in the region.
At the same time, many endangered and native animals, such as Burmese pythons and pangolins, have been released to U Minh Ha National Park in Ca Mau by the Vietnamese authorities to protect biodiversity.
By preserving biodiversity, the municipalities hope to be able to revive tourism as well.
The tourism industry in the Mekong Delta region has suffered a blow during the pandemic as the number of visitors has rapidly declined.