International Mountain Day is celebrated on December 11th each year to raise awareness of the importance of mountains. This year the theme is sustainable mountain tourism.
Due to multiple environmental crises and climate change, mountains are exposed to threats and exploitation. This day is celebrated to preserve their beauty and create awareness.
According to the UN, 15 percent of the world’s population live in the mountains. The ecosystem also makes up half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. 80 percent of the world’s food such as corn, potatoes, barley, sorghum, tomatoes and apples come from the mountains and are diverse.
Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world and is located in Nepal and China. Next up is K2, also known as Mount Godwin Austen, between Baltistan in northern Pakistan and the Dafdar township in China.
Kangchenjunga, also known as the Five Treasures of Snow, is partly located in India and Nepal. It is the third largest mountain in the world and is known for its breathtaking views of Darjeeling.
Nanda Devi is the second highest peak in India and the 23rd in the world. The Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve is located in the Himalaya Mountains in the north of the country. Due to its inaccessibility, Nanda Devi National Park has remained more or less intact.
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Kamet is the third highest peak in the country. It is also located in a remote geographic area.
Santoro Kangri is the fourth highest peak in the country and is close to the Siachen Glacier. It is the 31st highest peak in the world.
Saser Kangri – based in Ladakh – ranks fifth in India and 35th worldwide.