Hanoi (VNA) – The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment announced the nine most significant environmental events in 2021 as follows:
1. Resource management and environmental protection as central tasks
Management of natural resources and environmental Protection was defined in the resolution of the 13th National Congress as one of the main tasks and an important topic on the high-level agenda of the party and the state.
2. Vietnam’s strong commitment at COP26
At the UN Climate Change Conference 2021 (COP26) Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh announced Vietnamâs strong commitment to tackling climate change and moving to clean energy, which will give the country more opportunities for wider access to knowledge, technology and finance. Vietnam is committed to achieving net zero emissions by 2050 and reducing methane emissions by 30 percent by 2030.
3rd National Assembly adopts resolution on national land use planning 2021â2030 with a vision up to 2050 and land use plan 2021â2025
The aim of the resolution is to provide sufficient land for the consistent implementation of the country’s socio-economic development strategy for the period 2021-2030 and the socio-economic development plan for the period 2021-2025 from the grassroots to the central level. It aims to ensure that land allocation not only meets the needs of socio-economic development, but also takes into account national defense and security, protection of the environment and the ecosystem, and adaptation to climate change. It aims to preserve 3.5 million hectares of rice-growing land and about 42 to 43 percent forest cover.
4. The Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Party issues a guideline on hydrometeorology
On September 25, the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Party published Guideline No. 10-CT / TW on Strengthening the Leadership Role of the Party in Hydrometeorology for National Construction and Securing in the New Context.
5. Water management integrated in master plans
This year, the government approved a river basin master plan and another for surveying water resources by 2030, with a vision by 2050, along with several other projects. These are seen as tools to improve the effectiveness of the use and management of national water resources.
6. Promotion of innovation, international integration for the sustainable development of the marine economy by 2030, with a vision by 2045
On November 24, the Prime Minister published Guideline No. 31 / CT-TTg on Promoting Innovation and International Integration for Sustainable Development of the Marine Economy by 2030 with a vision by 2045 aimed at implementing the Vietnamese Strategy for Sustainable Development of the Marine Economy to accelerate.
Earlier this year, Vietnam also announced the national report on the state of the marine environment and islands for 2016-2020, which forms the basis for solutions to prevent and minimize marine pollution and protect the marine environment.
7. Vietnam receives high resolution imagery from the SPOT-6 and 7 satellites
Vietnam was allowed to receive high-resolution image data from the French SPOT-6 and 7 satellites, which cover its entire land and sea area. It is helping the country build a large remote sensing database, strengthen natural resource management, protect the environment, prevent natural disasters and respond to climate change, and ensure security and defense.
8. Two Vietnamese sites recognized by UNESCO as new biosphere reserves
Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve in the south-central coastal province of Ninh Thuan and the Biosphere Reserve Kon Ha Nung in the province of Gia Lai in the central highlands were added to the list of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, which now has 727 names.
The 106.6 hectare Nui Chua Biosphere Reserve comprises the terrestrial and marine areas of Ninh Thuan and is located at the end of the Truong Son Mountains. The Biosphere Reserve is a representative area in terms of biodiversity with a rich and diverse mosaic of ecosystems characteristic of the south-central region of Vietnam, including unique semi-arid vegetation, nesting beaches for sea turtles, and coral reefs.
The Kon Ha Nung Biosphere Reserve is home to rare species such as the gray-thigh douc (Pygathrix cinerea) – a rare and endemic primate species of Vietnam and classified as critically endangered, with only about 1,000 individuals living in the wild. The biosphere reserve is managed in accordance with the traditional knowledge of the local communities, including indigenous and popular knowledge of production and social organization.
9. Can Tho receives the ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award, two Vietnamese receive international environmental awards
Can Tho is the fifth city in Vietnam to win the ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award. The city in the Mekong Delta received the award during the 5th ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Award, which took place in Indonesia in October. It was also awarded the ASEAN Environmentally Sustainable City Certificate.
Nguyen Van Thai, the founder of Save Vietnam’s Wildlife, won the Goldman Environmental Prize 2021, one of the world’s most prestigious awards for environmentalists, for his outstanding efforts to protect wildlife and biodiversity.
Dr. Nguyen Hoang Minh of the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources was recognized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for his work on developing a method to improve the performance of a coupled meteorological and hydrological model for precipitation and flood forecasting by generating ensemble precipitation forecasts ( EPPs) in connection with radar-based precipitation forecast taking into account spatial precipitation errors./.