HAITI: HUMANITARIAN NEEDS
4.9 MILLION PEOPLE EXPECTED TO BE NEEDED IN HAITI IN 2022, 500,000 MORE THAN 2021
According to the 2022 Humanitarian Needs Overview for Haiti, the combination of recurring socioeconomic and political challenges, deteriorating security, the COVID-19 pandemic and the immediate effects and consequences of the 2/7 earthquake on August 14, which affected more than 800,000 people, led to an increase in humanitarian emergencies, particularly in southern Haiti.
These factors are expected to continue into 2022, potentially leaving more than 4.9 million people, or about 43 percent of the population, in need of humanitarian assistance.
Insecurity and violence that have displaced more than 19,000 people in the greater Port-au-Prince area since August 2020 is expected to persist, threatening protection, displacement, food insecurity and access to basic services and humanitarian access to vulnerable populations.
In addition, crop failures due to tropical storms and the August earthquake left 4.3 million people acutely food insecure, a number that is expected to rise to 4.6 million by March 2022.
PANAMA: MIGRANTS & REFUGEES
9.6% DECREASE IN ENTRY FROM COLOMBIA TO PANAMA BETWEEN JAN TO FEB 2022
According to official data, 4,014 people entered Panama in February 2022 via the province of Darien on the eastern border with Colombia, down 9.6 percent from January 2022. Venezuelans account for nearly 30 percent of all arrivals to date in 2022, more than any other nationality and migrants from Haiti, who account for 12.8 percent of arrivals in 2022, after accounting for more than 60 percent of 2021’s record 133,000 migrants.
Despite the overall decrease, the figures for January and February 2022 are both well above their monthly figures for 2021. In addition, the influx of migrants in 2021 began to increase towards the middle of the year, a trend that could potentially lead to a significant increase in demand in Darien in the year 2022 could lead if a seasonal pattern emerges.