Towards an “ecological civilization” | Rising cashmere


Published on May 22, 2022 | author DR. PARVEEN KUMAR


Sustainability is now the new development paradigm. Unlike the past, when development only aimed to improve the quality of life of the current generation, sustainable development aims to improve the quality of the current generation without compromising with the future generations. Sustainable development refers to the different processes and ways to achieve it. Sustainable development faces many challenges. These challenges must also be addressed in a way that is environmentally friendly, conserves natural resources, does not harm our biodiversity, or threaten life on this planet. The preservation of biodiversity can make a major contribution to sustainable development. It is not wrong to say that biodiversity remains the answer to several sustainable development challenges. From nature-based solutions to climate, health issues, food and water security, and sustainable livelihoods, biodiversity is the foundation on which we can better build. From ecosystem-based approaches to climate and/or nature-based solutions to climate, health, food and water security and sustainable livelihoods, biodiversity is the foundation upon which we can better build. This is the main message of the CBD, the main international instrument for sustainable development.


The word ‘biodiversity came from the two words “organic” and “diversity”. It refers to the full variety of life found on earth such as plants, animals, fungi and microorganisms. It also relates to the communities they form and the habitats in which they live. Article 2 of the Convention on Biological Diversity has given a formal definition of biological diversity. Biodiversity is defined there as the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. Therefore, we can say that “biodiversity” is the combination of life forms and their interactions with each other and with the rest of the environment that has made the earth a unique habitable place for humans. Its rich biodiversity has been a source of life for millions and millions of different organisms on this planet. Biodiversity provides us with a variety of goods and services that sustain our lives. It includes a Diversity of life on earth and the natural patterns it forms. The biodiversity we see today is the result of billions of years of evolution, shaped by natural processes and increasing through human influence. It forms the web of life of which we are an integral part and on which we depend so much.

biodiversity loss

Unfortunately, if today men do not strive to fulfill their needs, but have moved towards greed. Large-scale destruction of trees, hunting of animals, pollution of water, the air we breathe, soil degradation and loss of soil fertility are all the results of man’s play with nature. Playing with nature brought chaos to this planet. The most worrying part is that tHuman intervention in nature has led to a loss of biodiversity. In the last hundred years more than 90 percent of cultivated plant varieties have disappeared from the farmers’ fields. Half the breeds of many pets have been lost, and all 17 of the world’s major fisheries are now being fished at or above their sustainable limits. Locally diverse food production systems are under threat, including associated indigenous, traditional and local knowledge. With this decline Agrobiodiversity is disappearing, and also basic knowledge of traditional medicine and local foods. That Loss of a varied diet is directly linked to disease or health risk factors such as diabetes, obesity and malnutrition, and directly impacts the availability of traditional medicines. Biological resources are the pillars on which we build civilizations. That The loss of biodiversity threatens our food supplyRecreation and tourism opportunities, as well as wood, medicinal and energy sources.

History of the IBD

Recognizing the importance of biodiversity and its threats, the United Nations commemorates the International Day of Biological Diversity or World Biological Diversity Day on May 22 each year. it is celebrated to thank nature and what it brings us. This global event, which took place on March 22nd May since 2000; It was founded in 1993, but its first seven editions took place on September 29thth December, aims to promote and raise global awareness of issues related to the planet biodiversity. When December 29 (the entry into force date of the Convention on Biological Diversity) was first created by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in late 1993, it was declared “International Biological Diversity Day”. In December 2000, the UN General Assembly adopted May 22 as IDB to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on May 22, 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This happened in part because it was difficult for many countries to plan and hold proper celebrations for December 29, as many public holidays fall around this time of year.


The United Nations celebrate this day every year with different themes. Celebrating such themed days aims to harness knowledge and raise awareness of the dependence of our food systems, nutrition and health on biodiversity and healthy ecosystems. All of this has the ultimate goal of preserving our precious biodiversity. This year the theme of the day is “Building a common future for all life”. As the global community is called to reconsider its relationship with nature, one thing is certain: for all our technological advances, we stand behind our health, water, food, medicines, clothing, fuel, shelter and energy, to name a few. So the global community needs to re-examine its relationship with nature. This year’s theme, “Building a Shared Future for All Life,” emphasizes the interdependence of all living organisms on one another and how we can all strengthen these interdependencies to build a future based on sharing resources for their best use. It also calls for the creation of civilizations based on respect for ecology and nature-based solutions.

On the way to ecological civilization

Ecological civilization in the broadest sense includes not only respect for nature and sharing the values ​​of common prosperity with nature, but also includes the mode of production, the economic base and the superstructure, that is, the institutional system developed under the guidance of such values , which form a form of social civilization, characterized by the progress of man and nature in harmony, highly developed productivity, all-round cultural development, and sustained social prosperity. The production method in ecological civilization is not a linear model of natural resources passing through the production process to become products and waste, but pursues the efficiency of material output under the premise of ecological rationalism, rather than maximizing output. Ecological civilization strives for comprehensive human development and quality of life. In contrast to the passive respect for nature advocated by ancient philosophers more than 2,000 years ago, the contemporary concept of ecological civilization represents the unity of man and nature based on the application of modern science and technology and an advanced understanding of nature. Such a civilization calls for youNess and harmony between nature and man, supported by modern science, technology and economic development.

On this day, let us all also pledge to work on the principle of reduce, reuse and recycle the products. We must choose practices such as organic and natural farming that preserve our biodiversity. AAvoiding single-use plastics such as plastic straws, coffee cups, plastic cutlery, take-away containers or plastic water bottles and promoting local and native biodiversity for food and nutrition are some of the issues that we must consider and embrace in our daily lives; if we are serious about preserving our biodiversity and our planet. Ultimately it is Biodiversity, which affects human well-being and is the basis for human survival and prosperity.

(The author is a scientist at SKUAST-K and can be reached at [email protected])


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