Geopolitics is the game of Strategists find out how Countries behave.Ukraine War has shown how to assumeabout countries or behaviorOur leaders are wrong, plunging the world into what Henry Kissinger has proclaimed a “completely new era”. Hans Kuijper, a retired Dutchman diplomat and exceptional sinologist, has written an indispensable guide to understand where country Studies went wrong, and how We can think and use systems Computer (ICT) to unravel the quagSwamp of flawed country studies. His book is a tour de force into the PhiLosophy of the Social Sciences his incredible read of ancient chiChinese and Western Philosophy, science and current country studies.
The thesis of this book is quite simple: country studies have one explanandum (something, i.e. a country to be declared), but so-mentioned country experts do not have an explanans, something tested or testable Theory that not only explains but stands out from other scientific theories in various disciplines such as geography, demography, ecology, politics, economics, sociology, linGuistics or Anthropology.’
Therefore,“China experts” wrongly claim Explaining China, even if you rely on it their writings to a single discipline, as if they know everything related to the country. As the saying goes, “No ant can see the pattern of the whole carpet.” Kuijper has identified a fundamental divide in conventional country studies. If you study a country (part) without a rough look at the world (whole) and not considering how the interaction affects concurrencyous the parts and the whole that is to say, just make assumptionsout a testable theory, you’re just Practicing pseudoscience, not scienz. Because science is more than thatexpress opinions. Understand the complexity of Countries is a monumental scamContribute to deep reflection countries as complex and dynamic systems.
In chapters 1-7 the author methodically and relentlessly exposIt’s the ongoing confusion, building Step by step his thesis, exam Theories and models, clarification of Concept of country (as an independent form Area), shows how cities and townsAttempts have a lot in common, and Exploring the scientific and technical Feasibility of the collaborative country studies. The author moves significantly from a multidisciplinary to an interdisciplinary approach, to the higher Mission of a transdisciplinary path think about development Countries as an adjustment complex dynamic systems. He investigates how Countries include both spontaneouslyneous and man-made systems, interacting both exogenous and endogenous (Chapter 6). That The ancient Chinese recognized this Empires rise and fall from both “external invasions and internal corcorrosion”. Chapter 7 deals with this in depth the question of how modern scientific tools like artificial intelligence, Big data analysis and computer simulationulation could support country studies.
Science fiction assumes that if We provide all available information about a topic in a supercomputer, the theme would be replicateed as a hologram and thus helps us predict his behavior. Whether we have sufficient information and comPutting power is just a matter of political will and imagination. Kuijper uses networked’s example digital libraries to back up his View that studying a country could be greatly improved through use electronically available information across countries and regions.
After designing the Model for study countries, Kuijper investigates its profound implications for higher education, argue for “connecting the dots” (Chapter 8). He is at his most original when arguing that Ancient Greek and Chinese Thoughts are equal in thinking about the organic whole, while the spcialization of western science the divergence between Western and Chinese research methods. the modern University, originally created to really educate (raise children) and spiritually elevate became more and more specialized in less and less, Graduates make complexity illliterate Students don’t learn to connect the points to see the whole.
The author advocates tearing intellectual walls and mental Silos to see the great order of man and nature. Every country has that emergent properties irreducible the properties of its components, we must use the science of complex (not: complicated) and dynamic (not: linearly variable) systems to really understand the country. An example of no connection The points are the fact that it took years too real for development economistsize that lift a country out of povertyty involves more than economic facgates
Similarly, ecologists took Decades to realize that more scientific data on global warming is not Change policy if econoFog (Influencing Policy Makers) usually assume markets can solve the problem of global warming in total defiance of the fact that it will take a combination of state and market to change human behavior. I look at Kuijper’s discussion Reductionism versus holism (Chapter 9) makes a great contribution to this move beyond the swamp Western exclusive/antithetical versus Chinese inclusive/correlative thinkingeng. The reduction to atomistic parts free individuals creates blinders.
Western scientists draw more and more Distinctions, however, tend to be missed whole (from which they are separated and of which they are a part) and how the whole thing changes with that parts. It’s not a question of either/or but of both-and meaning that are reductionism and holism complementary instead of againstdictionary together.
That Book is that great Obtaining an independent determined scholar read thorch in depth to find out that we Complexity thinking must be undercutstand complex phenomena, resist the ingrained habit of the simplifying rEductionism, the standard way of human understanding. At least it took a while Four centuries to convince doctors give up the idea of bloodshed solution to disease. So it’s not safePrice that pseudo-scientist still think they can pass as a country Experts without the help of many colworking experts, with Big data analysis tools.
Kuijper helps us with the navigation complex topic with a short one Abstract for each chapter, supported by key references. General conclusions are drawn in Chapter 10. him then draws its very practical and very usefulFull recommendations with the last Chapter that distills his most important findings. This is a wonderful book, not only for sinologists, but for everyone who concall themselves a country Experts. It gives insight into the questionshow we got each other in a terrible mess over the current geopological path to conflict. This book speaks the truth to power, but whether Whoever is in power will listen is great and urgent question why there doesn’t seem to be easy right now Answers.
The author is a Distinguished Fellow, Asia Global Institute, University of Hong Kong and a former financial supervisor.
Especially for ANN.